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On photo tours, when flexibility is a big advantage, camera systems with interchangeable lenses show their strengths. The digital SLR and also medium format cameras are defined by the variety of optics offered. If the photographer decides on a system, i.e. a lens connection, also known as a bayonet, it is a long-term decision. As a rule, camera manufacturers have relied on a bayonet for decades, so buying a new lens is an investment for the future.
Numerous setting options and groundbreaking light intensity
Fixed focal lengths and zoom lenses are available for mirrorless system cameras and DSLRs. Primarily fixed focal lengths are characterized by their optically superior performance and their light intensity. The light intensity of the lens results from the maximum aperture. The more powerful a lens is, the easier it is to take pictures in the evening or in poor lighting conditions. The maximum aperture also results in the potential for exposing people or objects. The advantage of zoom lenses is their flexibility. They cover several focal lengths and are therefore ideal for trips or reports where the weight of the equipment plays a role. So if you ask yourself which aperture settings are good for the lens, you should ask yourself whether a single focal length is sufficient or whether the zoom, with the disadvantage of a smaller open aperture, is the better solution.
Which lens for which type of photography?
If the photographer would like to work on reports or create an image look that is as natural as possible, the so-called normal focal lengths between 35 mm and 50 mm are best suited. If you like to take portraits, you should ask yourself which fixed focal length is suitable for which purpose. Fixed focal lengths in the shorter telephoto range are mainly used in portrait photography. A telephoto of 85 mm or 135 mm promises a one-time exposure of the object and supports the photographer in compressing the background. If you are wondering which lens is suitable for sports, animal and street photography, you have to decide based on your own image style. In sports or animal photography, a moving subject is usually photographed from a certain distance. That is why a combination of a camera with fast continuous shooting and a bright telephoto lens is required. An electronic image stabilizer, as offered by Canon with IS and Nikon with VR, can't hurt either.
Wide-angle optics - amazing image look and extraordinary architecture shots
A wide angle is always used when space is limited or when you have to work in close proximity to a subject. The super wide-angle range with 10 or 8 mm focal length is only exceeded by the so-called fisheye lens, which, however, leaves a strong round vignetting on the image.
Which 50mm lens should I buy??
The 50 mm lens is a must in every photographer's repertoire. Beginners in particular make rapid progress with it and the number of such focal lengths is therefore particularly large. Which 50 mm lens is the right one must not be made dependent on accessories such as lens hoods or the filter thread. Rather, the first question that should be asked is what is the so-called crop factor. This occurs when a lens that was actually optically calculated for a full-frame camera is attached to a camera with a smaller sensor. In the relationship between the two sensors, the focal length of a lens also changes. So if you want the classic look of a 50 mm lens on a camera with an APSC sensor, you are better off with a 35 mm lens due to the crop factor..